What is Chan (Zen)?
Chan (Zen) is inconceivable and inexpressible. The five principles of Chan which summarize the Chan approach are:
1. Not relying on words and languages.
2. A special transmission outside the teachings (In the Chan expression, "Finger Pointing to the Moon." The finger refers to Chan teachings).
3. Direct pointing to the mind (which is often referred to as the moon).
4. Insight into the mind and seeing into one's own nature.
5. Sudden awakening and attaining Buddhahood.
Chan, the Chinese expression which is also popularly known as "Zen" in Japanese, is not something new brought here to the West by Asians. Chan is present everywhere: in space without limit and time without end.